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One of the most nutritionally complete legumes that is appreciated all over the world is the green bean, also known in different regions as habichuela, haba, alubia, porotos, alubias.
Those who seek to contact a producer or supplier of the various types of beans produced locally, know that Argentina is characterized by high quality beans, good climatic and environmental conditions for their cultivation, and therefore, an excellent final product.
This type of bean originates from India, among other countries, and its nutritional benefits make it highly appreciated and demanded all over the world.
If you need to find producers or buy green or mung beans directly, you will find in this article all the necessary information and you will also know in detail everything you need to acquire this legume easily and without so many administrative or customs formalities.
Types of beans that we are commercializing
Argentina is one of the most important agricultural producers of green mung beans, a legume on the rise due to its characteristics, vegetable chain, costs, quality and high nutritional value, added to the international mobilization that links good nutrition, environmental care and sustainability with the frequent consumption of green mung beans by people.
Technical specifications of mung beans
Here are the technical specifications and quality details you should know about the green bean produced in Argentina to be exported to the world:
- Bean purity: 99%.
- Foreign and inedible matter it may contain: 1%.
- Discolored or other variety: 1%.
- Broken or split: 3% (may be due to handling and/or transportation)
- Maximum moisture content: 13%.
- Insects and/or live arachnids: Does not contain.
- Product quality: Grade 1
- Caliber 3.5 mm (95% minimum)
- Origin of production: Argentina
- Harvesting: between March and April.
It is important to note that the green bean is a NON-GMO product (i.e. not genetically modified), which supports the quality of its production.
The quality audit is carried out by our own laboratory, SGS International, and by the laboratory of the Grain Exchange of the city of Rosario or the province of Córdoba, and the selection of grains in the production process is mechanical or electronic.
The presentation of the green beans is in 50 kg, 25 kg, 15 kg, 10 kg and 5 kg polypropylene bags, which are woven and double stitched to reinforce their resistance. Other sizes are also available upon customer’s request or mung bean commercialization destination.
The loading capacity is 20 (full container load) – 24 MT, 480 bags of 50 kg or a truck of 27 MT, i.e. 540 bags of 50 kg.
Regarding the container and its conditioning for transportation, it has a paper cover and an absorbent gel blanket to remove any trace of moisture that may seep in.
In this way, the reinforcement is intended to keep the bean grains dry, in case of condensation or the well-known “internal rain inside the container”, which is frequent in boat trips. This care avoids up to 120 liters of water.
Fumigation will be in accordance with customs and sanitary requirements of the country of destination.
Main destinations to which we export green beans
One of the main buyers of Argentinean mung beans is Panama, due to the reduction of transportation costs due to its proximity to Argentina and tax advantages. This Central American country is one of the main destinations for green beans produced in Argentina.
On the other hand, and hand in hand with exports to Panama, Mexico is another destination to which Argentina exports a significant production of green beans.
Mexico modified the criteria used for the allocation of the corresponding quota for the import of beans (also known there as “frijoles”) without tariffs, thus facilitating the operations related to the fractioned export activities of beans to this destination.
This is one of the Central American destinations with the highest consumption of this type of legume, linked to its culture and traditions.
The food products, i.e. for human consumption, that Colombia has imported most in recent years have been mainly cereals and pulses, with special emphasis on mung beans produced in Argentina.
Neighboring Chile is one of the most active buyers of green beans produced in Argentina, which has several advantages, from nearby transportation, which lowers costs, to various agreements because it is a neighboring country.
Vietnam and China
Countries such as Vietnam and China during the last semesters increased the purchase of this particular product of daily consumption that includes Southeast Asia.
It is a key element in the daily diet of China, Vietnam and several Asian countries, which purchase this legume for the production of various food products and by-products, which are not limited to savory products, but also make sweets and desserts based on mung beans, among other things.
Main mung bean exporting provinces
At present, different Argentine provinces are planting green mung beans for domestic production and to supply the international market, among which are those listed below:
Salta, Jujuy, Tucumán Santiago del Estero and Chaco.
The favorable weather conditions in the north of Argentina for the sowing and production of this bean gave the product adequate and optimal opportunities for the development of this increasingly important crop for the plant to its full potential.
On the other hand, the incorporation of no-tillage management since the 90’s allowed optimizing and improving the productive stability of the crop of this legume, setting a higher productive floor, since the correct way of water conservation and the necessary nutrients for a healthy development and cultivation was optimized.
The province of Cordoba, in central Argentina, has also established itself as one of the most suitable regions for the cultivation of green mung beans, due to the right combination of climate, rainfall and soil nutrients.
All these factors, plus the strategic geographical location in the middle of the country made it easier for different buyers (domestic and foreign) to reach the product and transport it to its destination at convenient prices.
Production and harvesting period
Mung bean is a short-cycle agricultural variety, with a cultivation cycle that extends for 90 days. This cycle begins with sowing in December, although this variety can be sown earlier, and is simple to manage.
The green bean must have constant monitoring and control over pests, but in general its management is not complicated. Attention should be paid to humidity or water ingress once harvested, which seriously affects the bean.
As it is a bean with a short crop cycle that varies between 90 (some less) and 110 days from planting to final harvest and with a water requirement of between 300 millimeters and 500 millimeters, it is necessary to be efficient during production to take advantage of these environmental conditions.
Although these climatic and environmental variables are favorable, it is important to keep in mind some complementary characteristics: low photosynthetic capacity, high transpiration rate, a rather small and unaggressive root system and the green bean does not tolerate waterlogging, with a narrow temperature tolerance range (ranging from 15 °C to 29 °C) with a minimum of 12 °C and a maximum of 35 °C.
Price per ton of mung bean 2021
The cost per ton of green mungbean is currently well priced, ranging from $900 to $1,000 (FOB cost, Argentina).
Basic guide to the requirements for exporting mung bean from Argentina
It is important to take into account key data such as percentages regarding export duty, drawback and various agreements, in order to export green mung beans to the world in an efficient and effective way. Argentina is consolidating as an exporter of mung beans, so it is essential that you know in detail all the duties that you must pay during the export process.
Below we share with you the main tax information related to the export of this legume:
- Export duty: 0%.
- Refund: 1.25%.
Taxes: Advance on Income Tax in Triangulation Operations.
Regarding the different agreements, there are mainly the following for certain countries:
- Egypt – Mercosur: Negotiated merchandise. Export (Effective as from 01/09/2017).
- Israel – Mercosur: Negotiated merchandise. Export.
The following entities are obligatorily involved in the export prior to the export:
- Wild Flora: Biodiversity Conservation.
- SENASA: Plants; Active ingredients and agrochemical and biological products – Export.
Exchange market and terms: you will have 180 calendar days for the entry and liquidation of foreign currency resulting from the transaction.
Tax registration of grain operators
It is important to note that in order to export mung beans from Argentina it is important to be registered in the Tax Registry of Grain Operators of the AFIP (Federal Administration of Public Revenues).
This is a fiscal registry for operators of grain and dry legumes purchase and sale, which through a special procedure will have the systematic and partial reimbursement of the amounts of money withheld for this commercial activity of food export.
If you are looking for suppliers of green mung beans in Argentina and you wish to sell this type of legumes from this country, you can contact us through this form, since we are experts in markets and commercialization of this type of products.
We will advise and guide you to make it easier to find the right supplier for you!